Homework 8.1: Realism

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8.1 Realism

Screen shot 2015-03-15 at 3.51.48 PMRead the Smarthistory page on Realism
http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/realism.html

1.  According to this resource, what kinds of subjects were favored by the French Royal Academy?

2.  According to this resource, what new kind of subject matter was favored by the new generation of Realists?

3.  According to this resource, how can this shift in subject matter be related to the Industrial Revolution?


Listen to the Smarthistory Conversation on Millet’s The Gleaners:
http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/jean-francois-millet-french-the-gleaners-1857.html

4.  According to the speakers, what signs of the industrial revolution can be seen in this work?

5.  According to the speakers, what kind of impact has the industrial revolution had on the women depicted in this picture?

6.  According to the speakers, why would a picture like this have been frightening to Parisian audiences?

Honoré Daumier, The Third Class Carriage, c. 1862 Metropolitan Museum
Honoré Daumier, The Third Class Carriage, c. 1862 Metropolitan Museum

Read this page about Honre Daumier’s Third Class Carriage:
http://www.artble.com/artists/honore_daumier/paintings/the_third-class_carriage

7.  What specific aspects of the Industrial Revolution are captured in this picture?

8.  How can the people in this picture be related to the people in Millet’s The Gleaners?


Read the Smarthistory pages on Courbet’s Stonebreakers
http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/the-stonebreakers.html 

9.  Drawing on what you learned from this resource, explain in your own words how Courbet’s painting is different from Millet’s The Gleaners?

10. According to this resource, how does the artist’s “formal choices” relate to the subject?

The following questions are based on Theartstory comparison pages on Gustave Courbet
http://www.theartstory.org/comparison-courbet_1.htm
http://www.theartstory.org/comparison-courbet_2.htm

12.  According to this resource, what was controversial about Courbet’s picture?

13.  According to this resource, what is significant about how Courbet posed his figures?

The following questions are based on Theartstory comparison pages on Gustave Courbet
http://www.theartstory.org/comparison-courbet_3.htm
http://www.theartstory.org/comparison-courbet_4.htm

14.  According to this resource,  how is Courbet’s nude bather different from Bouguereau’s Venus?

15.  According to this resource, what unsettling details made Courbet’s picture seem jarringly realistic?

Summarize your understanding of the Realist Movement. What was different about the subject matter and style of Realist art, and how was this movement related to the Industrial Revolution?